‘Power Book II: Ghost’ Renewed for Second Season at Starz
Brett Hankison, who was fired from the LMPD in June, is facing three counts of first-degree wanton endangerment Additionally, Mattingly, sent an email to all LMPD officers in which he claimed …
By Kody Sloos: As many of you know Bushwick, New York artist Tekashi 69 has now been free of home confinement for just over a month now. Since taking to the streets once again, 6ix9ine immediately returned to his old antics. Trolling other artists in the industry, showing off hundreds of thousands of dollars in public, shooting videos and walking the streets of New York with his posse of militant security. The one thing Tekashi hasn’t been is humble. You would think, after barely escaping a 47 year prison sentence, the New York native would take a moment to smell the roses, this has not been the case, not even close.
While living in a time of digital streaming, album downloads, bundling and other ways to boost album sales, first week sales have become somewhat of a competition within the music industry, especially in hip-hop. Since returning to social media, 6ix9ine has taken it upon himself to clown some of the hottest names in the rap game for their “low” first week numbers. While calling out names such as Lil Durk, Trippie Redd and more, 6ix9ine put a massive amount of unnecessary pressure on himself, while announcing his album was releasing September 4th. While the date quickly approached, the rap game along with many fans, stood back and watched with anticipation. Everyone was on stand by to see if Tekashi could put his money, or album sales, where his mouth was.
It has now been almost two weeks since 6ix9ine released his second studio album “Tattle Tales”. The first week sales projections were originally estimated to be 150,000 which would of been a massive win for 24 year old Tekashi, sadly things changed. In the past we’ve seen artists at every level, incorporate strategies to boost the sales of their album. Previously artists were able to bundle their album with merchandise to boost their sales. Examples such as when Travis Scott used keychains, hats, concert tickets to boost the sales of “Astroworld”, or when DJ Khaled did his best to edge out Tyler The Creator’s “IGOR” by bundling his album sales along side energy drinks to take the number one spot. This strategy has been implemented for some time now, becoming the new norm in the industry. This is exactly the same road that Tekashi would go down when “Tattle Tales” was announced.
With the original projection of 150,000 first week, we can only imagine Tekashi was showing off that brand new smile of his, sadly it would be short lived. For months the speculation that bundle deals would be taken off the table, circled the internet. Although there was no set date on when this new policy would come into effect, it was clear the new rule was placed into effect when 6ix9ine’s first week projections dropped by over 100,000. The first week projections for the “Tattle Tales” rapper would drop as low as 40,000 days before the numbers were collected and the internet EXPLODED.
Trolls took to the comment section of almost every single hiphop page on instagram to let 6ix9ine know, his career was over. Now this is where it gets messy. 55k first week sales is absolutely nothing to be ashamed about, in fact if we take away bundles, 55k is down right impressive. None the less, we know how the internet works, if 6ix9ine was trolling artists for selling 50k then the internet gave that same energy right back to him. Now with the behaviour of the New York artist, it’s hard to feel sorry for him, honestly you shouldn’t. 6ix9ine landed a #1 spot on the Top Album SALES chart. This is PURE sales, without streaming. 6ix9ine’s album landed #4 on Billboard 200 and his pure sales first week amounted 25k+, a number that is very high in present day.
All this information is very hard to decipher when deciding if his career is “over” or not, but while many would say the 24 year old is one his way out, you could argue he’s still here to say. My thoughts after all the madness are as followed; I think Tekashi’s career in North America (Mostly Canada & US) is going to be short lived, but many forget how successful the rapper was on tour overseas. The European listeners ADORE him, if anything were to “save” his career, it would be a European tour.
What is Python Used for? | Major Industries
How is Python used in the real world?
Python is one of the most popular languages for coding in the world.
The majority of top U.S. colleges even use Python in their introductory coding classes: teaching students to use Python to build simple games, parse information from web pages, and even conduct language processing!
Still, many parents and students alike often wonder — how is Python actually used in companies or various fields?
Read on to learn how Python powers today’s leading industries, and plays a major role in numerous computer science disciplines.
Python is a high-level and general-purpose coding language — meaning that it’s easier to understand and can be used to solve a variety of problems!
With its simple syntax, high readability, usability across operating systems, Python is a valuable language to both learn and use for a variety of applications.
It’s therefore not surprising that Python is prevalent in not only today’s job market, but also in common technology we use everyday.
Python programming is a skill that can be used in virtually any industry, as well as in positions far beyond just software development. From industries like finance, healthcare, and insurance, to fields like aerospace to entertainment — Python-based tech is driving innovation and new solutions.
In our What is Python 101 guide, we introduced Python as well as a few of the fields Python is used in such as tech, finance, and biotech. But in this article, we’ll be taking a deeper look at even more of Python’s broad uses — specifically in the following areas:
- Web development
- Data science
- Machine learning
- Artificial intelligence
Applications of Python
Web development refers to the building of websites on the internet, from static, plain text pages to dynamic ecommerce sites and interactive internet applications.
Coding is crucial in web development to build out site functions, optimize user experience, and ensure that that information is organized properly. Python’s web frameworks such as Django and Flask have become popular options for website development.
Python is a great option for backend web development, and is used by many companies today.
These open-source frameworks allow users to build web applications more efficiently due to Python’s ability to handle vast amounts of data and automate tasks. In fact, companies such as Instagram, Pinterest and Google incorporate Python in their backend web development.
Python is also a major language of choice when it comes to data science and data analysis.
In the age of big data, we come into contact with data frequently in our everyday lives, with technology such as navigation (GPS), online shopping, energy use, and wearables such as smart watches.
The average household contains around eleven devices and that number is likely to increase in the future! With so many devices, there is a vast amount of data that businesses need to process in order to provide their services.
Python-based tools are often used to visualize, process, and analyze large amounts of data.
Data science relates to processing data and inferencing trends — and Python is incredibly useful in this area due its intensive packages like scipy, numpy, and pandas.
Additionally, the matplotlib package can be used to build data visualizations. This makes Python a popular choice in fields like bioinformatics that also involve a lot of data and modeling.
These Python-based tools have become popular due to their ease of use and scalability. For example, Netflix uses scipy and numpy for numerical computing to manage user traffic across the platform.
By analyzing vast amounts of data, machine learning algorithms can find patterns and apply those patterns to make sense of future behavior.
The most obvious use of machine learning in products is recommendation systems. Companies such as Netflix, Spotify, and Youtube collect user activity to make predictions and suggest playlists and videos.
Scikit-learn and tensorflow are Python libraries that enable the use of algorithms for classification, clustering, and regression on large data sets. The high performance and extensive functionality of these libraries make them essential in any exploration of machine learning.
Machine learning is actually just one facet of artificial intelligence. AI refers to the intelligence of machines and the development of computer systems to perform human-oriented tasks such as perception or decision making.
One prominent example of artificial intelligence is in ridesharing apps, like Uber and Lyft.
Python is used in artificial intelligence for apps like Lyft or Uber. The AI system can then predict things like user demand and estimated arrival times.
Uber utilizes AI for predicting user demand and estimated arrival times (among other features) and much of this is accomplished through Python.
In addition to some of the previously mentioned Python libraries, AI functionality such as prediction models and neural networks can be created through other libraries like keras and pytorch.
Python is Everywhere!
Among popular programming languages, Python is one of the most diverse in its applications. Moreover, it’s deeply integrated within our everyday life as well as today’s leading companies.
The range of careers that involve Python include software engineer, web developer, data scientist, product manager, business analyst and more. Regardless of industry, companies in this technological age rely on data-driven decision making and Python is the perfect tool to do just that.
If you or your child are interested in the fields or roles listed above, then learning Python is a great choice!
Want to Become a Python Programmer?
One of Python’s greatest strengths is helping new coders learn basic concepts and become familiar with programming! There are also many resources widely available to learn Python, for new coders of all ages.
Python Classes for Kids
At Juni Learning, we teach Python to aspiring young coders ages 11-18, with the help of experienced coding instructors. From solidifying coding basics, to building algorithms and analyzing datasets, these courses explore the many different applications of Python and teach students how to build their own coding projects.
Read more about our coding courses and curriculum, or get started with our Admissions Team to learn which course is best for your child’s coding journey.
More Coding Languages
Python is a versatile, popular language that’s growing in versatility with more users and creators. Its convenient readability, versatility, and software development prototyping capabilities make it a go-to language for many cases.
Seasons 3 and 4 of ‘Atlanta’ to be Filmed in 2021
Fans of Donald Glover’s hit TV show Atlantahave been patiently waiting for season three for over two years. Welp, that wait just got longer.
The show was originally supposed to return in January 2021, however, the ongoing production hiatus due to COVID-19 means that production for season three cannot resume until next year. Filming was supposed to take place in Europe following the season two finale where Al, Paper Boi, was about to embark on a European tour.
FX Networks Chairman, John Landgraf, said in a press conference that production for the hit show will resume in early 2021, and season three will be released later next year. However, he was not able to give an exact date.
Even though this news is heartbreaking, especially for die-hard Atlanta fans, Landgraf did share some good news. He said that the writers for the show have been very productive in these last few months and have written almost the entirety of not only season three but season four as well. This means that the seasons will be shot back to back
Season three of Atlanta was ordered back in June of 2018, not long after the season two finale. The long wait in-between seasons two and three were attributed to Glover’s busy schedule.
The Artists That Blurred The Lines Between Rap and Rock By: By Jae Bree
Nowadays, we have plenty of genre-hopping magicians like Kendrick Lamar, MGK, and Lil Nas X who continue to show the world how rap can stand alongside any genre. But combining genres wasn’t always this easy. While many of us are already familiar with how Run DMC and Aerosmith collaborated on the first rap-rock song in 1986’s Walk This Way, there are many other artists who paved the road for the uneasy and ever-evolving peace between two of the world’s biggest and baddest music genres.
Anthrax and Public Enemy
During the early ‘90s, hip hop was entering its golden age while bands like Metallica, Slayer, Megadeth, and Anthrax – also known as The Big Four – were leading the aggressive charge of the thrash metal scene. The guitarists from these bands are known for popularizing the overdrive pedal, a now-staple gritty, crunchy, gain-heavy sound in the modern metal genre. And it was during this era that the legendary Scott Ian, Anthrax’s rhythm guitarist, lent his overdrive chops to one of the greatest rap groups in history. Today, the 1991 Anthrax and Public Enemy song Bring The Noise is widely recognized as the first rap-metal song in history.
Rage Against the Machine
During the same year that Bring The Noise was released, Rage Against the Machine (RATM) was formed. And from 1992 onwards, the band has released a slew of some of the most important rap-rock albums of all time. There’s no doubt that the driving force of this political rap-rock machine is vocalist Zach de la Rocha, who spits verses and sings with one of the most recognizable voices in ‘90s alternative rock. Meanwhile, the wild rock guitar riffs that RATM is also known for were supplied by Tom Morello, a known hogger of distortion pedals and other effects, which allowed him to become one of the most influential experimental electric guitarists of all time. RATM didn’t just blur the lines of rap and rock. They’re what happens when you completely ignore the line and do whatever you want.
The Black Keys
These blues-rock legends made the list for one huge reason: the 2009 album Blackroc. Roc-A-Fella records co-founder Damon Dash worked with The Black Keys to produce arguably the greatest collection of blues-driven rap rock songs in history. Collaborators include the rapper formerly known as Mos Def, Jim Jones, Q-Tip, RZA, Raekwon, Nicole Wray, Pharoah Monch, the Ol’ Dirty Bastard, and other rappers and rnb singers. While RATM drew from the aggressive similarities between rap and rock, the artists who worked on Blakroc tapped the soulful connections between blues, rock, rnb, and hip hop.
Fronted by Illaman, London’s ‘hardest working emcee,’ PENGSHUi is a proto-punk, dubstep-driven hip hop group that was formed in 2018. The band’s dubstep drops and hard rock melodies are care of multi-instrumentalist and pedal hogging bassist Chris Hargreaves, while DJ Pravvy Prav supplies the aggressively technical drumming. PENGSHUi is a taste of how rap-rock has evolved over the years, a contemporary rickety bridge between the age-old alliance of punk and hip hop.
Speaking of punk, many forget that the Beastie Boys have been blending rap-rock, hip hop, funk, and hardcore punk since 1986’s Licensed to Ill. In 1996’s The In Sound From Way Out, the rapping trio stretched their instrumental chops to create a funky, boom bap-inspired collection of some of the stickiest beats in hip hop history. Today, albums like 1989’s Paul’s Boutique and 2004’s To the 5 Boroughs still make it to contemporary ‘best-of’ lists.
Talented rapper-singers Chester Bennington and Mike Shinoda, along with Joe Hahn’s DJ chops, were undoubtedly the main driving forces behind the most commercially successful rap-rock group in history. Whether you love or hate Linkin Park, the fact is that their emo and alternative rock-driven music was what allowed rap-rock to be truly appreciated by mainstream audiences. Although hardcore fans may argue that their best work continues to be their first album, 2000’s Hybrid Theory, later albums like 2003’s Meteora and 2010’s A Thousand Suns are passionate, technical masterpieces in their own right.
While there are many other artists that deserve at least a mention on this list, these are the ones that have paved the way for the rest. In the future, rap, hip hop, and rnb will continue to rapidly evolve with the many sub-genres of rock. The next mind-melting rap-rock album could be just around the corner.
Article specially written for globalmoneyworld.com
By Jae Bree
Kamala Harris Makes Surprise Cameo On Brandy & Monica Verzuz
Brandy & Monica were joined by millions to help celebrate their illustrious catalogs. Before the celebration began, they were joined by Democratic VP nominee, Kamala Harris. Senator Harris, who appeared on the screen behind them, wished the two R&B legends well on their historic night, in addition to emphasizing the vital nature of voting.
“I just wanted to thank you ladies, you queens, you stars,” said Harris. “Thank you for doing this for When We All Vote. It’s so important for everyone. You both used your voice in such a powerful way, and an extension of our voices is our vote.”
Verzuz recently partnered with Michelle Obama’s When We All Vote initiative. 100% of sales from Brandy & Monica’s limited Verzuz merch are going to our forever First Lady’s campaign.
“We understand the importance of people getting out and voting right now,” Monica stated. “And they feel so helpless right now, but that’s how you help yourself, help your community, help your brothers and sisters.”
While Brandy could not help but to “fangirl” at the moment, she echoed the same sentiment. Sen. Kamala Harris donned a Howard University crewneck, repping her HBCU alma mater.
How to Record a Podcast Remotely And Get It Right The First Time
Remote interviews are a fact of life for every podcaster, and in today’s era of social distancing, more so than ever. Since you rarely get the chance at an interview do-over, nailing down your remote recording workflow is essential. We’ll show you how to prepare for and record a remote interview, so you get it right the first time — with some additional tips along the way to make sure all your bases are covered.
Choose the right remote recording setup for your podcast
The first step is to determine the remote recording setup that best suits the format and content of your podcast and your production and editing workflow.
In most cases, your best solution will involve recording remote interviews on Zoom, Skype, Google Hangouts, or a similar online conferencing service. This low-friction setup makes it
easy for guests or co-hosts to contribute, but you’ll need to make sure you have the right software to record these interviews.
It’s also wise to make sure you can record phone calls. Phone interviews don’t offer great audio fidelity, but they make a great backup option in case of technical problems or schedule changes. Phone interviews probably won’t be your first choice, but it’s a good idea to be able to record a phone call just in case you need to.
If you’re recording with the same remote co-host on each episode of your podcast, consider a double-ender setup, in which you and your co-host record your own audio tracks locally and combine them in post-production. For most podcasters, this isn’t the most convenient solution, but it does translate into the highest audio fidelity for you and your co-host.
The best way to record an interview is to prepare for it
When it comes to interviewing — especially remote interviewing — a little preparation goes a long way.
Do some research into your guest’s background, expertise, and projects. Who are they? Why is their work notable? What do you (and in turn, your audience) hope to learn from them?
Putting together a rough outline of the questions you’d like to ask will come in very handy. Write down a handful of specific questions and key points, but keep your outline broad and high-level. That’ll allow you to more easily adapt to the flow of conversation.
Maintaining that conversational flow remotely can be substantially trickier than doing so person-to-person. Prime yourself to listen more than you speak — in particular, try not to interrupt your guest. Editing out awkward silences between speakers is much easier than dealing with too much crosstalk!
When it’s time to record the interview, take a couple final preparatory steps to ensure a clean recording. Close all unnecessary software and set your computer to “Do Not Disturb” mode to make sure unwanted distractions don’t pop up (or worse: end up in the recording).
How to record a Skype call, Zoom interview, or Google Hangout
For most remote recording situations, Zoom, Skype, or Google Hangouts are your platforms of choice. All three are easy to set up, simple for guests to use, and feature audio fidelity good enough for most podcasts.
Both Zoom and Skype offer built-in call recording functionality, but Google Hangouts currently limits this offering to enterprise users. There’s an additional caveat: the file format (.MP4 or .M4A) that each platform outputs may not be what you want, depending on your podcast production and editing workflow.
For maximum control over your final product, you’re better off using third-party apps to record computer system audio directly into the recording software of your choice rather than relying on their recording functionality.
If you’re on a Mac, BlackHole is a great open-source tool that allows you to route audio between apps, which means you can record the audio output from Zoom (or Skype, or Google Hangouts) directly into your preferred recording software. On Windows, Virtual Audio Cable offers similar functionality.
If you’re already using Descript to record, you won’t need to use additional audio routing software. When recording audio into Descript, open the Record panel, choose Add a Track, select your input, and choose “Computer audio.” Click the Record button whenever you’re ready, and audio from Zoom, Skype, or Google Hangouts will be piped into Descript.
No matter which remote recording setup you use, make sure you test it — and test it again — with a friend or colleague before you’re actually recording your podcast. Troubleshooting when you should be interviewing ranks near the top of everyone’s Least Favorite Things To Deal With, so make sure everything is in order before your guest is on the line.
How to record a phone interview with Google Voice
Social distancing means nearly everyone has gotten used to handling calls and meetings on Zoom, Skype, or Google Hangouts. But maybe your podcast guest is really old-school, or their computer is on the fritz, or maybe they’re simply only able to access a phone during your scheduled call time. It’s likely phone interviews will never be your first choice, but being able to record an old-fashioned phone call will come in handy.
Recording phone calls can be tricky, but using Google Voice to make an outgoing phone call from your computer means you can use the same remote recording setup detailed above to record the call.
Follow Google’s instructions to set up Google Voice and then learn how to make an outgoing call. Once everything’s set up, you’ll be able to record phone calls with Google Voice just like you’d record an interview on Zoom or Skype.
Again, make sure to test with a friend and then test again before your interview.
If lossless audio quality is a must, record a “double-ender”
For most remote recording situations, Zoom, Skype, or Google Hangouts are your platforms of choice. All three are easy to set up, simple for guests to use, and feature audio fidelity good enough for most podcasts.
But if you have a remote co-host that regularly appears on your podcast, and you want to maximize the quality of your audio, a “double-ender” is the way to go: Each host or guest records themselves locally, and audio tracks are combined in post-production. For an additional cost, you can use third-party recording platforms that simulate double-enders without each speaker managing their own recording software.
A traditional double-ender sees each speaker recording their own audio track using their recording software of choice (Descript, Audacity, Quicktime, etc.), and then the host or editor combines each speaker’s recording into a finished product. Each speaker should have a decent microphone — if they’re using a laptop microphone to record, you probably won’t hear a substantial advantage with a double-ender over a Zoom, Skype, or Google Hangouts recording.
Alternatively, you can simulate a double-ender by using a platform like SquadCast, Zencastr, or Cleanfeed. These services record lossless audio from each speaker, upload each track to the cloud, and combine them automatically. These platforms cost money, but they’re a great alternative to a double-ender when guests or co-hosts don’t have the time or wherewithal to fiddle with recording themselves locally. Again, make sure each speaker has a decent microphone — otherwise you won’t reap the full benefits of lossless audio.
Make remote recording hassles a thing of the past
Recording your podcast remotely isn’t painless, but once you get the hang of it — and nail down your workflow — it’ll become second nature.
Champion Launches ‘Champion For All’ Limited-Edition Collection to Support Boys & Girls Club of America
Champion Launches ‘Champion For All’ Limited-Edition Collection to Support Boys & Girls Club of America
Champion Athleticwear has launched a new corporate social responsibility effort called Champion For All, designed to raise awareness about the importance of inclusivity for people of all backgrounds. To celebrate this launch, Champion has teamed up with the Boys & Girls Clubs of America, donating 50,000 cotton face masks to the organization.
Champion chose the Boys & Girls Clubs of America due to the organization’s reputation for providing kids and teens with positive experiences to help them achieve success in life. Champion is looking to assist students with the transition of school in this upcoming fall. Champion For All will also launch a limited-edition capsule collection, designed to inspire and empower positive change in communities across the world.
“While the launch of this initiative has been planned for some time, it carries more meaning today as we continue to live in uncertain times amid the coronavirus pandemic and civil unrest affecting our world,” said David Robertson, Director Champion Global Brand Marketing. “Partnering with Boy & Girls Clubs of America is a great kickoff for this initiative, given their dedication to creating inclusive environments and helping youth of all backgrounds develop the skills and confidence to succeed in life.”
The initiative is part of the commitment from Champion to support and uplift non-profit organizations to help in the creation of inclusive environments.
“We were so excited to collaborate with Champion on this collection and are tremendously thankful for their support,” said Chad Royal-Pascoe, National Vice President, Corporate & Cause Partnerships at Boys & Girls Clubs of America. “Like us, the company has a genuine passion for youth engagement and a real awareness of the importance our youth will have in the future of our society and world at-large.”
You can see the collection, which features Reverse Weave hoodies, athletic T-shirts, and face masks adorned with colorful, inspirational designs and messages such as “Change the World,” “Together We Can” and “Come Together” below. Purchases will help in funding face masks through the Boys & Girls Clubs of America. Learn more about the collection here.
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Our Champion for All initiative supports inclusiveness for people of all backgrounds & communities. As part of that effort, we’re donating 50,000 face masks to The Boys & Girls Club of America. #ChampionForAll . . . #ChampionUSA #ReverseWeave #FaceMask
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The Tune Squad Jersey for ‘Space Jam: A New Legacy’ Featuring LeBron James Revealed
Maverick Carter has revealed the “A New Legacy’ jersey on social media.
The jersey takes the classic orange circles of the Looney Tunes logo and uses it as a dominant piece of the shorts and jersey, while shades of blue outfit the rest.
The jersey carries both the Nike and LeBron James brand logo, while the shorts swaps out the LBJ logo for the number 6. The number was worn by James during his time with the Miami HEAT and often on practice jerseys for whichever team he currently plays for.
The new edition of the LeBron James-led Space Jam is set to hit theaters on July 16, 2021, and will co-star Don Cheadle, Sonequa Martin-Green, and more. The film is directed by Malcolm D. Lee, while Carter and James are joined by Ryan Coogler and Duncan Henderson in production.
You can see the new jersey below.
Preparing for the AP Computer Science A Exam
For many students, myself included, their first exposure to Computer Science is through the AP Computer Science A course in high school. Advanced Placement (AP) courses are designed for high schoolers to learn subjects with the rigor, depth, and complexity of college classes. Taking AP classes can also boost a student’s weighted GPA.
The AP Computer Science A curriculum emphasizes the fundamental concepts and problem solving skills that Computer Science requires, using the Java programming language. It introduces basics like variables, loops, conditionals, and methods, along with object-oriented programming, data structures, algorithms, and software design strategies. Java is a widely used programming language, useful and multifaceted because it can support abstraction, encapsulation, and object-orientation, all of which are important concepts for software engineering.
The official prerequisite for AP Computer Science A is first-year high school algebra, including function notation and other algebraic problem solving skills. Overall, the course recommends a solid foundation in mathematical reasoning. However, having worked with many students taking this course, we have found that some prior coding experience really helps students be successful in this course. At Juni, we recommend students who are new to programming start with our Python Level 1 and sometimes our Python Level 2 course before moving into Java.
The College Board’s AP Computer Science A Exam
To receive college credit, students must register to take the College Board AP exam through their school, administered in May of each year. In 2017, the College Board introduced a second computer science AP course, AP Computer Science Principles. Compared to AP Computer Science A, this course “focuses on the broader aspects of computing, including not only programming but also topics like the global impact of computing, the internet and cybersecurity, and creativity” (College Board). At Juni, we only offer the AP Computer Science A course.
The AP Computer Science A exam is a three hour test. The first half includes 40 multiple choice questions and accounts for 50% of the exam score. The second half includes four free response questions focused on program design, implementation, and problem solving, and it makes up the remaining 50% of the exam score. All of the questions on the AP exam involving coding use Java as the primary programming language, and test booklets include the Java Quick Reference that includes all of the accessible methods from the Java library that the AP exam may reference.
Goals of the AP Computer Science curriculum include:
- Design, implement, and analyze solutions to problems
- Use and implement commonly used algorithms
- Develop and select appropriate algorithms and data structures to solve new problems
- Write solutions fluently in an object-oriented paradigm
- Write, run, test, and debug solutions in the Java programming language, utilizing standard Java library classes and interfaces from the AP Java subset
- Read and understand programs consisting of several classes and interacting objects
- Read and understand a description of the design and development process leading to such a program
- Understand the ethical and social implications of computer use
The exam score is College Board’s recommendation on whether universities should grant course credits to the student. Generally, an AP score of 3 and above is considered passing. The scoring breakdown is laid out as follows.
|5||Extremely well qualified|
Ways to Prepare
Most students who take the AP Computer Science A take the course in high school. However, it is possible to self-study for the exam successfully. Thankfully, many great online resources exist for students!
The College Board itself has numerous helpful materials. For example, they offer a compilation of various exam tips and tricks, in addition to a test bank of each year’s free response questions, multiple-choice, sample answers, and scoring guidelines to ensure transparency and fairness in grading.
Barron’s, another well-known test prep company, sells a great book for this course and offers an online practice exam as well. Johns Hopkins Center for Talented Youth also offers this as an online course.
At Juni Learning, we offer AP Computer Science A as a course with a private instructor that covers all of the topics on the AP exam in depth. With our classes, students are paired one-on-one with an instructor who works on concepts and test prep, tailored to the student’s specific needs. With us, some students fully self-study for the AP exam, while others are simply getting exposure to the material in preparation for the school year ahead.
Our AP Computer Science A course is broken down into the following modules:
- Variable types, input / output, & arithmetic operators
- Loops & conditionals
- Classes & objects
- Subclasses, abstract classes, & interfaces
- Standard classes
- Software design principles
- Arrays & ArrayLists
- Basic algorithms
- AP test prep
Advice From Former AP Computer Science Students
We asked Juni instructors who took AP Computer Science in high school on what they did to prepare for the AP exam and any advice that they would give current students. Here is some of their advice:
- Practice! That includes practicing the multiple choice and free-response questions individually, but also taking practice exams, end-to-end, in a controlled environment within the allotted time. This helps you get a feel for how long you should spend on each section. Simply reading the textbook won’t help you get the real experience you need for the exam.
- Time management is critical – make sure that you move on from certain questions if you’re getting stuck and come back to them later in the exam. Otherwise. you may get stuck for a long time on a harder question and run out of time on the easier ones.
- Ask for help. If you’re stuck on a problem, ask a friend in the course or one of your teachers (or a Juni Instructor) for help. Don’t be afraid to get problems wrong, because programming is all about learning from your mistakes and continuing to improve.
- Take a break once in a while. You’ve already gotten this far – at a certain point you’ll need a break from practicing, as you’ll have diminishing returns from trying to cram in new information. Make sure that you’re getting enough sleep and take some time to go for a run or meditate. Some great meditation apps like Calm or Headspace can help you refocus on the task at hand.
There are many different resources and programs that can help students prepare for the AP Computer Science A exam. The best fit depends on the student’s learning style and time constraints.
Overall, the AP Computer Science A course is a great opportunity to learn the fundamentals of computer science and demonstrate proficiency to colleges. Passing the AP exam is a great way to earn some college credit, but more importantly it helps develop a lifelong technical skill that helps one think in new ways.